1.Originated from black cotton soil of the water shed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra. 2.Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body. 3.Tail almost reaches the ground. 4.Generally grey white in colour with a darker shade on fore quarters and hind quarters in male. Adults females are more whitish in appearance. 5.The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing, and valued for their good working qualities. 6.The average yield is about 900 kgs per lactation.