1. The breeding tract of this breed is Gir forests, Kutch and Jamnagar districts of Gujarat. 2.This is the heaviest Indian breed of buffalo. 3.The horns are heavy, inclined to droop at each side of the neck and then turning up at point (drooping horns). 4.The udder is well developed with funnel shaped teats. 5.The average milk yield is 1000 to 1200 kgs per lactation. 6.The bullocks are heavy and used for ploughing and carting. 7.These animals are mostly maintained by traditional breeders called Maldharis, who are nomads.